¿Cuáles son los cambios más importantes en cuanto a la percepción del dolor en niños con Trastorno del Espectro del Autismo (TEA)?

Los niños con trastorno del espectro del autismo se enfrentan al mundo con patrones de comportamiento, de respuesta y de procesamiento de la información de manera distinta a las demás personas.

Suelen tener problemas con la integración de la información sensorial y del autoconcepto (reconocer lo que les está pasando), lo que les impide una relación optima con el entorno y dificulta entre otras cosas la identificación y expresión de cuándo y dónde sienten dolor.

Pero esto no significa que no les duela. Un estudio reciente de la Federación de Autismo de Castilla y León, realizado en personas con TEA grado moderado/severo, observó cómo a pesar de que un 72,6% de los mismos son incapaces de quejarse ante leves indicios de dolor o malestar (bien sea por la dificultad para reconocer las sensaciones corporales como mensajes de alerta, bien por ausencia de competencias comunicativas), presentan en un porcentaje muy elevado (77,6% de los casos) alteraciones en su comportamiento o en su estado emocional, en estas circunstancias.

Lo que nos sugiere que existe una “falsa tolerancia” ante el dolor, debido a su dificultad en la percepción o en la expresión del mismo. La realidad es que el dolor afecta enormemente a su vida cotidiana, causando sufrimientos innecesarios a ellos y a sus familias.

fuente: http://elmedicointeractivo.com/el-dolor-en-la-poblacion-con-autismo-es-un-verdadero-reto-poco-investigado-y-muy-debatido/

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28 respuestas a ¿Cuáles son los cambios más importantes en cuanto a la percepción del dolor en niños con Trastorno del Espectro del Autismo (TEA)?

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